Despite the Covid-19 pandemic, the Center has provided more than five crores of piped water connections as part of its Jal Jeevan mission over the past 24 months, Jal Shakti’s ministry said.
The ministry said state and Union governments are working tirelessly to ensure tap water is available to rural households. The secure tap water supply in homes relieves people, especially women and girls, of fetching water and carrying heavy loads remotely, the ministry said.
The Jal Jeevan mission was announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi two years ago on August 15 to provide a functional household power connection (FHTC) to every household by 2024.
In 2019, out of about 18.93 crore households in rural areas, only 3.23 crore (17%) had piped water connections. As a result, 15.70 crore households are to be supplied with tap water by 2024. “In addition, the functionality of all existing water supply systems and tap connections must also be ensured. The program directly benefits more than 19 crore of rural families, bridging the rural-urban divide and improving public health, ”said a senior Jal Shakti official. To date, around 8.26 crore (43%) of rural households have a supply of tap water in their homes, he said.
The motto of the Jal Jeevan mission is “no one is left behind”. Each rural household in 78 districts and 1.16 lakh villages receives tap water supply. Following a bottom-up approach, JJM is implemented as a decentralized, demand-driven and community-managed program with Gram Panchayats and / or its sub-committees, i.e. village water committees and (VWSC) / Pani Samitis playing a key role. in the planning, implementation, management, operation and maintenance of water supply systems in villages, thus providing clean tap water to every household on a regular and long-term basis.
The Pani Samitis / VWSC operate as a legal entity as provided for in the 73rd Amendment to the Constitution. It consists of 10 to 15 members with at least 50% women and proportional representation of the weakest sections. The VWSC has prepared a one-off Village Action Plan (PAV), which coincides with the period of the 15th Finance Commission by combining different resources at the village level, which is to be approved in a Gram Sabha. The PAV includes 4 key elements of increasing the drinking water source, the drinking water supply system, the gray water treatment and reuse, as well as the regular operation and maintenance of the system. village water supply.
In addition, a cadre of 30 to 40 members in each village is trained and qualified to build their capacity to manage their water supply systems in the villages. 5 women from each village, viz. ASHA, Anganwadi teachers, SHG leaders, etc. are trained to test water quality using Field Test Kits (FTKs). 5-10 members are trained as plumbers, bricklayers, auto mechanics, fitters, etc. so that qualified resources are available in each village to meet all requirements, and also increase employment opportunities. GP / VWSC members are trained to act as service providers, operate as local water supply utilities. A silent revolution is taking place in the villages.